Slovenia has short history as an independent state but also long history as a nation and a country.
It all began with the fall of Roman Empire when germanic tribes moved from eastern and north Europe into Roman unguarded teritory. This action leaved great vacuum in this area and Slavic tribes moved into the region originating from the areas east of Carpathian Mountains.
These lands were always under the rule of some European kingdoms but it was Habsburg monarchy that has left the biggest trace.
After the end of World War I and the break-up of Austro-Hungarian empire in 1918, Slovenia joined the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. This was short-lived state formed from the southernmost parts of the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy. At the end of 1918 the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs joined with Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of Montenegro into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In 1929 it was renamed in Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
In 1941 Slovenia was occupied by Axis forces: German, Italian and Hungarian army and was liberated at the end of World War II in 1945. Since then it was one of the republics in new SFR Yugoslavia
In 1988 began the time of social and economic crisis and the rise of resistance to Serbia and their idea of centralized government under Serbian influence. This led to the abolition of communist party, creation of parliamentary and democratic regulation and finally on 23rd of December 1990 to plebiscite. 88.2% of voting population (turnout at the plebiscite was 93.2 percent) decided for independence.